Exchange Infrastructure (XI)

Time Bound File Processing - File to IDoc Scenario

By Suraj Kumar Pabbathi, PI Competency Lead, YASH Technologies

1.       Introduction: 

This document describes Time bound file processing scenario where in, a file containing the employee work details is picked from a FTP server system (Sender/Source) and sent to SAP System (Receiver/Target) via Exchange Infrastructure.

A Time bound file processing scenario requires a set of configurations in XI system and the Receiver—SAP system.

This guide gives step-by-step procedure to pick a file from Sender—FTP system to Receiver—SAP system. A business system representing Sender-Third Party System hosts a file, picked by XI at regular intervals using Sender File Adapter. Then XI sends the IDoc to the receiving business system (Receiver SAP System) by using the Receiver IDoc Adapter.

2.       Maintain the System Landscape Directory

a.       Maintain Technical Landscape: As the receiving system is SAP System it should be configured as WAS as ABAP technical systems.  In the Technical system Browser, create a New Technical system.

b.       Maintain Business Landscape: Create a Business system to associate to the technical system which was created in the previous step. During creation of this business system, select role of the system as Application system.

3.       Configuration in the integration server

a.       Create RFC destination: Using transaction SM59 create an RFC Destination of Type 3 in order to establish communication with the Receiver SAP System 

Note: Created RFC Destination should point to the Receiver—SAP system. 

b.       Create Port: Create a port using Tcode: IDX1, which will be employed in later stages to import the IDoc metadata. In this example, the port is SAPXXX (Port for receiver system) where XXX is the system ID of the SAP backend system. The created port has to be binded with the RFC Destination of the Sender SAP System configured in the Step 3.a above. 

c.       Transaction IDX2: This configuration step is used to import the metadata of the IDoc using the corresponding Business system port (created in the above step) as below 

 4.       Design the scenario in the integration repository

a.       Import IDocs: Import the IDoc from Receiver SAP system. Enter the details of the receiver system as below. In this scenario ZMREPT.ZMREPT02 is the inbound message type. The inbound IDoc should be imported from the Receiver—SAP system.

b.       IDoc structure is as follows: 


c.       Creation of Data type: The outbound data type is be created resembling the structure of Inbound IDoc 

File to be uploaded is as follows:

Employee Monthly details.
1,1256,suraj kumar,Pabbathi,9-7-1974

d.       Create Message type: The outbound message type is to be created for source data and can be viewed in the screen shot explained near Mapping.

e.       Create Outbound Message Interface as shown in the screen shot below:


f.         Define ‘Message Mapping’ from Outbound message interface to inbound message interface(use custom idoc) as follows: 

 g.       Define Interface mapping to include Outbound interface as ‘Source Interface’ and Inbound interface as ‘Target interface’.



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