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Introduction to SAP Event Management
By Nisha Verma, IBM India
What is SAP
Supply Chain Event Management (SCEM) can be defined as
an application supporting control processes for managing events within and
between companies in real-time.
This integrated software functionality supports five major business
processes including the ability to monitor what is happening within the supply
chain, notify the right person in case of a delay or critical event, simulate
activities, control your processes and measure your supply chain activities so
that you can adapt your business process and make it more effective and
SAP Event Management offers visibility on processes, assets as well as
performance along entire supply chain. Extensive tracking & tracing
functionalities allow process monitoring, automated exception resolution,
proactive alerting as well as extensive reporting - in one single solution.
Event management which is part of SCM module of SAP is a new module implemented
in very few companies. Since this is a tracking system, its best use is possible
in logistic companies like DHL, NOL etc where this module can be used to track
their cargo at different places during transit process. SAP provides visibility
processes for scenarios related to business processes carried out in application
systems. It’s more of technical as even few SPRO steps are more inclined
towards technical related stuff as explained below.
can track business transactions happening in application system by making data
flow between application system & EM systems. Application system can be ECC,
TM (Transportation Management) etc. Data flows through EM* queues from an
application system to EM system.
are new terminologies related to event management like BPT (Business process
type), AOT (Application object type), Event type, tracking id, event handler
etc. Business process type
corresponds to business document like ECC delivery – ESC_DELIV stands for this
in EM system.
you can see SPRO setting done in ECC for EM functionality.
screenshot shows standard AOT defined in ECC having sequence number 10 & 20.
If we define customized AOT, then we would need to give a lower sequence number
so that our customized AOT gets triggered. Lower sequence number means higher
refers to document number in EM like delivery no, sales order number etc. And
each relevant business process is represented in SAP EM as event handler which includes attributes like tracking id &
parameters. There are three types of parameters in EM – control, info & system parameters which are defined in rule set
in SPRO in EM system.
will be posted against each of these expected events as per the design and we
can also define reaction to such events in EM.Like if goods issue event is
posted in EM, then we need to trigger an email to customer. Here, we can make
use of alert framework using which an alert be it sms or email can be sent to
handlers are created in SAP Event Management (SAP EM) in various ways:
application interface creates event handlers for application objects.
an event message creates an event handler.
application system calls a Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI).
This triggers the creation of an event handler in SAP EM.
application system writes the application object type and the application object
ID into a status table. Together
with the name of the application system, they provide a unique reference between
the application object and event handler. The
system uses this reference to refer to the business object and its business
process type. An n-to-one relationship
exists with the business process types in the application system.
We can view event handler details by using transaction
/SAPTRX/EH_LIST in EM system.
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