Working with Inheritance

By Vikram Chellappa, Mouri Tech Solutions

Inheritance is the concept of passing the behavior of a class to another class.

  • You can use an existing class to derive a new class.
  • Derived class inherits the data and methods of a super class.
  • However they can overwrite the methods existing methods and also add new once.
  • Inheritance is to inherit the attributes and methods from a parent class.

Inheritance:

  • Inheritance is the process by which object of one class acquire the properties of another class.
  • Advantage of this property is reusability.
  • This means we can add additional features to an existing class with out modifying it.

 Go to SE38.

Provide the program name.

Provide the properties.

Save it.

Provide the logic for inheritance.
*&-----------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZLOCALCLASS_VARIABLES                      *
*&                                                    *
*&-----------------------------------------------*
*&                                                    *
*&                                                  *
*&----------------------------------------------------*
REPORT  ZLOCALCLASS_VARIABLES.
*OOPS INHERITANCE
*SUPER CLASS FUNCTIONALITY
*DEFINE THE CLASS.
CLASS CL_LC DEFINITION.
PUBLIC SECTION.
DATA: A TYPE I,
      B TYPE I,
      C TYPE I.
METHODS: DISPLAY,
         MM1.
CLASS-METHODS: MM2.
ENDCLASS.
*CLASS IMPLEMENTATION
CLASS CL_LC IMPLEMENTATION.
METHOD DISPLAY.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS SUPER CLASS' COLOR 7.
ENDMETHOD.
METHOD MM1.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS MM1 METHOD IN SUPER CLASS'.
ENDMETHOD.
METHOD MM2.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS THE STATIC METHOD' COLOR 2.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS MM2 METHOD IN SUPER CLASS' COLOR 2.
ENDMETHOD.
ENDCLASS.
*SUB CLASS FUNCTIONALITY
*CREATE THE CLASS.
*INHERITING THE SUPER CLASS.
CLASS CL_SUB DEFINITION INHERITING FROM CL_LC. "HOW WE CAN INHERIT
PUBLIC SECTION.
DATA: A1 TYPE I,
      B1 TYPE I,
      C1 TYPE I.
METHODS: DISPLAY REDEFINITION,     "REDEFINE THE SUPER CLASS METHOD
         SUB.
ENDCLASS.
*CLASS IMPLEMENTATION.
CLASS CL_SUB IMPLEMENTATION.
METHOD DISPLAY.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS THE SUB CLASS OVERWRITE METHOD' COLOR 3.
ENDMETHOD.
METHOD SUB.
WRITE:/ 'THIS IS THE SUB CLASS METHOD' COLOR 3.
ENDMETHOD.
ENDCLASS.
*CREATE THE OBJECT FOR SUB CLASS.
DATA: OBJ TYPE REF TO CL_SUB.
START-OF-SELECTION.
CREATE OBJECT OBJ.
CALL METHOD OBJ->DISPLAY. "THIS IS SUB CLASS METHOD
CALL METHOD OBJ->SUB.
WRITE:/'THIS IS THE SUPER CLASS METHODS CALLED BY THE SUB CLASS OBJECT'COLOR 5.
SKIP 1.
CALL METHOD OBJ->MM1.     "THIS IS SUPER CLASS METHOD
CALL METHOD OBJ->MM2.
*CREATE THE OBJECT FOR SUPER CLASS.
DATA: OBJ1 TYPE REF TO CL_LC.
START-OF-SELECTION.
CREATE OBJECT OBJ1.
SKIP 3.
WRITE:/ 'WE CAN CALL ONLY SUPER CLASS METHODS BY USING SUPER CLASS OBJECT' COLOR 5.
CALL METHOD OBJ1->DISPLAY. "THIS IS SUPER CLASS METHOD
CALL METHOD OBJ1->MM1.
CALL METHOD OBJ1->MM2.

Save it, check it, activate it and execute it.

Then the output is like this.

 

Please send us your feedback/suggestions at webmaster@SAPTechnical.COM 

HomeContribute About Us Privacy Terms Of Use • Disclaimer • SafeCompanies: Advertise on SAPTechnical.COM | Post JobContact Us  

Graphic Design by Round the Bend Wizards

footer image footer image