ALV Styles in Field catalogue using OOPS

By Swarna S, Tata Consultancy Services

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZALV_STYLES                                                 *
*& Published at SAPTechnical.COM                                      *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& AS : ALV Styles in a fieldcatalogue.                                *
*& The ALV is developed using OOPS and various styles are given for    *
*& each column in the fieldcatalogue                                   *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
REPORT  zalv_styles.
*Include for ALV styles
INCLUDE <cl_alv_control>.
*Type ppols for alv
TYPE-POOLS : slis.
*structure for t582a tbale
TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_table,
        infty TYPE infty,
        pnnnn TYPE pnnnn_d,
        zrmkz TYPE dzrmkz,
        zeitb TYPE dzeitb,
        dname TYPE dianm,
        edynr TYPE edynp,
        ldynr TYPE ldynp,
        stypt TYPE stypt,
        sytxt TYPE sytxt,
        davo TYPE davo,
        davoe TYPE davoe,
        END OF ty_table.
*Structure for infotype text
TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_itext,
        infty TYPE infty,
        itext TYPE intxt,
        sprsl TYPE sprsl,
        END OF ty_itext.
*Structure for output display
TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_output,
        infty TYPE infty,
        itext TYPE intxt,
        pnnnn TYPE pnnnn_d,
        zrmkz TYPE dzrmkz,
        zeitb TYPE dzeitb,
        dname TYPE dianm,
        edynr TYPE edynp,
        ldynr TYPE ldynp,
        stypt TYPE stypt,
        sytxt TYPE sytxt,
        davo TYPE davo,
        davoe TYPE davoe,
        text(6) TYPE c,
        sradio(6) TYPE c,
        scheck(6) TYPE c,
      END OF ty_output.
*internal table and work area declarations
DATA : it_table TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_table INITIAL SIZE 0,
       it_output TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_output INITIAL SIZE 0,
       it_ittext TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_itext INITIAL SIZE 0,
       wa_table TYPE ty_table,
       wa_output TYPE ty_output,
       wa_ittext TYPE ty_itext.
*Data declarations for ALV
DATA: c_ccont TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container,   "Custom container 
      c_alvgd         TYPE REF TO cl_gui_alv_grid,   "ALV grid object
      it_fcat            TYPE lvc_t_fcat,            "Field catalogue
      it_layout          TYPE lvc_s_layo.           "Layout
*Field symbols declarations for style
FIELD-SYMBOLS : <wa_fcat> TYPE lvc_s_fcat.
*initialization event
INITIALIZATION.
*start of selection event
START-OF-SELECTION.
*select the infotypes maintained
  SELECT infty
          pnnnn
          zrmkz
          zeitb
          dname
          edynr
          ldynr
          stypt
          sytxt
          davo
          davoe
          FROM t582a UP TO 25 ROWS
          INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE it_table.
* *Select the infotype texts
  IF it_table[] IS NOT INITIAL.
    SELECT itext
             infty
             sprsl
             FROM t582s
             INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE it_ittext
             FOR ALL ENTRIES IN it_table
             WHERE infty = it_table-infty
             AND sprsl = 'E'.
  ENDIF.
*Apppending the data to the internal table of ALV output
  LOOP AT it_table INTO wa_table.
    wa_output-infty = wa_table-infty.
    wa_output-pnnnn = wa_table-pnnnn.
    wa_output-zrmkz = wa_table-zrmkz.
    wa_output-zeitb = wa_table-zeitb.
    wa_output-dname = wa_table-dname.
    wa_output-edynr = wa_table-edynr.
    wa_output-ldynr = wa_table-ldynr.
    wa_output-stypt = wa_table-stypt.
    wa_output-sytxt = wa_table-sytxt.
    wa_output-davo = wa_table-davo.
    wa_output-davoe = wa_table-davoe.
* For texts
    READ TABLE it_ittext INTO wa_ittext WITH KEY infty = wa_table-infty.
    wa_output-itext = wa_ittext-itext.
    wa_output-text = wa_ittext-sprsl.
    APPEND wa_output TO it_output.
    CLEAR wa_output.
  ENDLOOP.
* Calling the ALV screen with custom container
  CALL SCREEN 0600.
*On this statement double click  it takes you to the screen painter SE51.
*Enter the attributes
*Create a Custom container and name it CC_CONT and OK code as OK_CODE.
*Save check and Activate the screen painter.
*Now a normal screen with number 600 is created which holds the ALV grid.
* PBO of the actual screen ,
* Here we can give a title and customized menus
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Module  STATUS_0600  OUTPUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
MODULE status_0600 OUTPUT.
*  SET PF-STATUS 'xxxxxxxx'.
*  SET TITLEBAR 'xxx'.
ENDMODULE.                 " STATUS_0600  OUTPUT
* calling the PBO module ALV_GRID.
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Module  ALV_GRID  OUTPUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
MODULE alv_grid OUTPUT.
  CREATE OBJECT c_ccont
       EXPORTING
          container_name = 'CC_CONT'.
  CREATE OBJECT c_alvgd
EXPORTING
i_parent = c_ccont.
*  SET field for ALV
  PERFORM alv_build_fieldcat.
* Setting the styles for the ALV grid control
* using field-symbols
  LOOP AT it_fcat ASSIGNING <wa_fcat>.
*For Each and every line of the fieldcat
    CASE sy-tabix.
*Color Styles
*Background/Font/Group/positive/negative
      WHEN '1'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_inv_positive.
      WHEN '2'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_int_negative.
      WHEN '3'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_inv_negative.
      WHEN '4'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_int_positive.
      WHEN '5'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_background.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_inv_background.
      WHEN '6'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_group.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_color_int_background.
*Style for F4
      WHEN '7'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_f4.
*Style for Alignment(others are also possible)
      WHEN '8'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_align_left_bottom.
*Style for Font Underlined/Bold and Italic are possible
      WHEN '9'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_font_underlined.
*Style for button type
      WHEN '10'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_button.
*Style for Font Symbol
      WHEN '11'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_font_symbol.
*Style for Radiobutton
      WHEN '12'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_radio_checked.
*Style for  checkbox
      WHEN '13'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_checkbox_checked.
*Style for column style characteristics(highlighting the col)
      WHEN '14'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_col_style_characteristic.
*Styles for Enabling the column
      WHEN '15'.
        <wa_fcat>-style = alv_style_enabled.
    ENDCASE.
  ENDLOOP.
* Set ALV attributes FOR LAYOUT
  PERFORM alv_report_layout.
  CHECK NOT c_alvgd IS INITIAL.
* Call ALV GRID
  CALL METHOD c_alvgd->set_table_for_first_display
    EXPORTING
      is_layout                     = it_layout
    CHANGING
      it_outtab                     = it_output
      it_fieldcatalog               = it_fcat
    EXCEPTIONS
      invalid_parameter_combination = 1
      program_error                 = 2
      too_many_lines                = 3
      OTHERS                        = 4.
  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
               WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
  ENDIF.
ENDMODULE.                 " ALV_GRID  OUTPUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  alv_build_fieldcat
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
*      <--P_IT_FCAT  text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
*subroutine to build fieldcat
FORM alv_build_fieldcat.
  DATA lv_fldcat TYPE lvc_s_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'INFTY'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 8.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Infotype'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = 'X'.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '2'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'PNNNN'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Structure'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '3'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ITEXT'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 60.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Description'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '4'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'TEXT'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 5.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'General'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.

  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '5'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ZRMKZ'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 1.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'PERIOD'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '6'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ZEITB'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 60.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Time constraint'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '7'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DNAME'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Dialogmodule'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '8'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'EDYNR'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Single screenno'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '9'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'LDYNR'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'List screenno'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '10'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'STYPT'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'SubtypeTable'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '11'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'SYTXT'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Font Symbol'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '12'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'SRADIO'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'RADIO'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '13'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'SCHECK'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'CHECK'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '14'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DAVO'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Start Date'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
  lv_fldcat-row_pos   = '1'.
  lv_fldcat-col_pos   = '15'.
  lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DAVOE'.
  lv_fldcat-tabname   = 'IT_OUTPUT'.
  lv_fldcat-outputlen = 10.
  lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'End date'.
  lv_fldcat-icon = ''.
  APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.
  CLEAR lv_fldcat.
ENDFORM.                    " alv_build_fieldcat
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  alv_report_layout
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
*      <--P_IT_LAYOUT  text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
*Subroutine for setting alv layout
FORM alv_report_layout.
  it_layout-cwidth_opt = 'X'.
  it_layout-zebra = 'X'.
  it_layout-col_opt = 'X'.
ENDFORM.                    " alv_report_layout
* PAI module of the screen created. In case we use an interactive ALV or
*for additional functionalities we can create OK codes
*and based on the user command we can do the coding.
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Module  USER_COMMAND_0600  INPUT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
MODULE user_command_0600 INPUT.
ENDMODULE.                 " USER_COMMAND_0600  INPUT

Output

Part 1 

 

(Continued output)

Part 2 

 

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